© campus digital mainz
Baethge, A., Vahle-Hinz, T., Schulte-Braucks, J. & van Dick, R. (2017). A matter of time? Challenging and hindering effects of time pressure on work engagement. Work & Stress, 37(2), 1–20. doi: 10.1080/02678373.2017.1415998
The aim of our research was to test time-exposure effects of time pressure as a stressor typically considered to be a challenge, rather than a hindrance stressor. We examined the within- and between-person effects of time pressure on work engagement in two diary/panel studies with employees using intervals of five days and three weeks, respectively (Study 1, n = 350, and n = 357, respectively) and six to eight weeks (Study 2, n = 238). We assumed that it is a matter of time whether time pressure acts as a challenge (under short-term exposure) or as a hindrance stressor (under long-term exposure). We found significant positive within-person effects of time pressure on work engagement when controlling for strain in the daily and weekly diary assessment (Study 1), but a significant negative within-person effect in the six to eight weeks’ assessment (Study 2). The between-person effects were significant and negative in all studies. Although a short-term increase can be beneficial for a certain time, stable and long-time exposure of time pressure does rather reduce work engagement. Thus, employers should not keep time pressure permanently high to motivate their employees. However, short-term increases of time pressure (e.g., before a deadline) may serve as a motivating factor.
Der gesamte Lehrstuhl von Herrn Prof. Dormann ist am Donnerstag, den 29.03.2018, nicht besetzt.
Wir wüschen allen ein frohes Osterfest!
Balk, Y. A., De Jonge, J., Oerlemans, W. G. M., Geurts, S. A. E., Fletcher, D., & Dormann, C. (in press). Balancing demands and resources in sport: Adaptation and validation of the Demand-Induced Strain Compensation Questionnaire for use in sport. Journal of Sports Science & Medicine.
Too high demands, combined with a lack of resources, are often detrimental to athletic health and well-being. However, a valid and reliable instrument to investigate different dimensions of demands and resources in sport is currently unavailable. Therefore, the present study examines the psychometric properties of an existing and well-validated survey instrument on demands and resources at task-level that was adapted to sport. This instrument, the Demand-Induced Strain Compensation Questionnaire for Sport (DISQ-SPORT), was empirically tested among 1,101 athletes (416 females and 685 males) from a variety of sports and in 9 different languages. Results supported the proposed six-factor structure of the instrument, consisting of physical, cognitive, and emotional demands and resources. Internal consistencies of all subscales were satisfactory and the instrument was invariant across type of sport, competitive level and language. Continued evaluation of the psychometric properties of the DISQ-SPORT, especially in terms of content validity and test-retest stability, is nevertheless warranted. Theoretical and practical implications as well as areas for future research are discussed.
Der gesamte Lehrstuhl von Herrn Prof. Dormann ist an Rosenmontag, den 12.02.2018, und am Faschingsdienstag, den 13.02.2018, nicht besetzt.
Das Sekretariat von Herr Prof. Dormann ist vom Montag, 26.02.2018 bis Freitag, 09.03.2018 aufgrund einer Fortbildung nicht besetzt.
Zlatkin-Troitschanskaia, O., Wittum, G. & Dengel, A. (Eds.) (2018). Positive Learning in the Age of Information (PLATO) – A blessing or a curse? Wiesbaden: Springer.
While information and communication technology has a vast influence on our lives, little is understood about its effects on the way we learn. In the Age of Information, students – consciously or not – are learning in diverse formal and informal environments from a broad variety of sources, with scientific knowledge competing against unfounded assertions, and misinformation and biased data spreading through social and mass media. The Positive Learning in the Age of Information (PLATO) program illustrated by the contributions in this book unites outstanding and highly innovative expertise on the fundamentals of information processing and human learning to investigate a new paradigm of positive learning as a vital, morally and ethically oriented approach, which is of existential importance to maintaining the civilization standards of a modern society in the digital age.
According to Thomson-Reuters (now Clarivate Analytics; https://esi.incites.thomsonreuters.com/ThresholdsAction.action), the article "Optimal Time Lags" published in December 2015 by Christian Dormann and Mark Griffin (DOI: 10.1037/met0000041; http://www.applied-psychology.com) has been cited 31 time since then. It belongs to the 1% most frequently cited scientific articles published 2015 worldwide in this area (1% to citation thresholds for articles published in 2015 are 29 in psychiatry/psychology, 20 in economics/business, and 19 in social science/general). We are proud researchers find our advice for designing the spacing between measurement periods panel studies/longitudinal studies so valuable.
Weitere Neuigkeiten finden Sie hier.