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Das Research Paper von Dr. Roland Happ und Prof. Dr. Manuel Förster wurde auf dem Meeting des Council for Economic Education (CEE) 2017 in New York mit dem Phil Saunders Best Research Paper Award (2. Platz) ausgezeichnet. Das Paper hat den Titel “How vocational training and a secondary school economics class influence young adults’ knowledge and understanding of personal finance in Germany”. Der Award wird durch die National Association of Economic Educators (NAEE) vergeben und zeichnet die besten Paper auf der internationalen Konferenz aus.
Dormann, C., Owen, M., Dollard, M. F., & Guthier, C. (in press). Translating cross-lagged effects into incidence rates and risk ratios: The case of psychosocial safety climate (PSC) and depression. Work & Stress.
Longitudinal studies are the gold standard of empirical work and stress research whenever ex-periments are not plausible. Frequently, scales are used to assess risk factors and their conse-quences, and cross-lagged effects are estimated to determine possible risks. Methods to translate cross-lagged effects into risk ratios to facilitate risk assessment do not yet exist, which creates a divide between psychological and epidemiological work stress research. The aim of the present paper is to demonstrate how cross-lagged effects can be used to assess the risk ratio of different levels of Psychosocial Safety Climate (PSC) in organisations, an important psychosocial risk for the development of depression. We used available longitudinal evidence from the Australian Workplace Barometer (N = 1,905) to estimate cross-lagged effects of PSC on depression. We applied continuous time modelling to obtain time-scalable cross effects. These were further in-vestigated in a 4-year Monte Carlo simulation, which translated them into 4-year incident rates. Incident rates were determined by relying on clinically relevant 2-year periods of depression. We suggest a critical value of PSC = 26 (corresponding to -1.4SD), which is indicative of more than 100% increased incidents of persistent depressive disorder in 4-year periods compared to average levels of PSC across four years.
Dollard, M. F., Dormann, C., Tuckey, M. & Escartin, J. (in press). Psychosocial safety climate (PSC): Enacted PSC for bullying and psychological health problem reduction. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology.
Bullying at work has profound effects on both the individual and organization. We aimed to determine if organizational psychosocial safety climate (PSC; a climate specific to worker psychological health) could reduce workplace bullying and associated psychological health problems (i.e., distress, emotional exhaustion, depression) if specific procedures were implemented (PSC enactment). We theorized that PSC enactment mechanism works via psychosocial processes such as bullying mistreatment climate (anti bullying procedures), work design (procedures reduce stress through work redesign), and conflict resolution (procedures to resolve conflict). We used two-wave national longitudinal interview data from 1062 Australian employees (Australian Workplace Barometer project) and structural equation modelling to explore relationships over 4 years. PSC Time 1 predicted enacted PSC and reduced bullying four years later. PSC Time 1 was indirectly negatively related to poor psychological health Time 2 through enacted PSC and bullying. Bullying Time 1, also gave rise to procedures (resistance) which in turn reduced bullying Time 2. Our findings suggest a multi-component approach to reduce or prevent bullying. Procedures (to reduce psychosocial hazards) that emerge in a high PSC context can be effective in reducing worker mistreatment. Building PSC and a strong climate for psychological health, and enacting PSC is fundamental to bullying prevention.
Das Sekretariat von Frau Prof. Zlatkin-Troitschanskaia ist vom 04. – 11.09.2017 nur am 05.09. von 13.00 – 16.00 Uhr und am 07.09. von 9.00 – 12.00 Uhr urlaubsbedingt besetzt.
Dormann, C., Demerouti, E., & Bakker, A. B. (in press). A Model of Positive and Negative Learning: Learning Demands and Resources, Learning Engagement, Critical Thinking, and Fake News Detection. In O. Zlatkin-Troitschanskaia, G. Wittum, & A. Dengel, A. (Eds.). Positive Learning in the Age of Information (PLATO) - A blessing or a curse? Wiesbaden: Springer.
This chapter proposes a model of positive and negative learning (PNL model). We use the term negative learning when stress among students occurs, and when knowledge and abilities are not properly developed. We use the term positive learning if motivation is high and active learning occurs. The PNL model proposes that (a) learning-related demands and resources contribute to learning engagement and burnout, (b) that learning engagement improves critical thinking, which (c) should enhance students' abilities to detect fake news. Two studies demonstrate the validity of the learning engagement and burnout constructs, and learning-related demands and resources as possible antecedents. Also, critical thinking mediates the effect of learning engagement on fake news detection. Still, 30.30% of the students believed more in fake news than in real news. We discuss implications of the PNL model for the design of learning conditions.
The newly established international research program “Positive Learning in the Age of Information” (PLATO) led by Prof. Dr. Olga Zlatkin-Troitschanskaia at the JGU Mainz was launched with an international conference which took place at the Helmholtz Institute in Mainz from 28th - 30th of June. During the PLATO conference, current research was presented and discussed from a variety of areas including computer science, communications, linguistics, mathematics, neurosciences, education, philosophy, psychology as well as other fields related to the phenomenon of negative learning in the digital age. The program included several keynotes by excellent international and national researchers such as Prof. Luciano Floridi from the Oxford Internet Institute. For more information, see the conference website, SWR media library ,and the PLATO website .
In context of the newly established international research program “Positive Learning in the Age of Information” (PLATO) the special issue is being published.
Zlatkin-Troitschanskaia, O., Wittum, G. & Dengel, A. (Eds.) (in press). Positive Learning in the Age of Information (PLATO) - A blessing or a curse? Wiesbaden: Springer.
Christian Dormann ist von der University of South Australia für weitere 3 Jahre zum Adjunct Professor in der Division of Education, Arts, and Social Sciences ernannt worden. Seine Aktivitäten umfassen die Einrichtung und Aufrechterhaltung von Verbindungen zu zentralen Forschungseinrichtungen und Forschern in Europa, die Betreuung von Mitarbeitern und graduierten Studierenden, sowie gemeinsame Forschungsaktivitäten in Europa und Australien. Während dieser Zeit werden alle Doktoranden und Studierenden in Mainz weiterhin in vollem Umfang betreut.
Afsharian, A., Zadow, A., Dollard, M. F., Dormann, C., and Ziaian, T. (in press). Should Psychosocial Safety Climate Theory Be Extended to Include Climate Strength? Journal of Occupational Health Psychology.
Psychosocial Safety Climate (PSC- climate for psychological health) is an organisational antecedent to work conditions articulated in the Job Demands-Resources model. We responded to calls for broader consideration of organizational climate in terms of both climate level and strength. We tested PSC level and strength as main and interactive predictors of work conditions, psychological health and engagement. Using multilevel analysis and cross-sectional data, the effects of unit level PSC constructs were investigated in 21 hospital work units (n = 249 employees) in Australia. The correlation between PSC levels (measured at the unit mean) and PSC strength (measured as unit -1×SD) was moderate and positive suggesting that ceiling effects of PSC scores were not problematic. PSC level was a better predictor, than PSC strength or their interactions, for job demands (psychological and emotional demands), job resources (e.g., skill discretion, organisational support), and health (emotional exhaustion). For engagement, the interaction was significant — improving engagement, therefore, benefits from high levels of PSC and PSC strength within the work units. So, in answer to the research question regarding PSC theory extension – “it depends on the outcome”. Research limitations are acknowledged and the potential of the PSC model to guide the reduction of workplace psychosocial risk factors and the negative consequences is discussed.
Das Sekretariat des LS Dormann ist urlaubsbedingt vom 17.7. – 21.7.2017 geschlossen und vom 24.7. – 28.7.2017 dienstags und donnerstags von 10-12 Uhr geöffnet.
Die Sprechzeiten des Sekretariates von Frau Prof. Zlatkin-Troitschanskaia sind urlaubsbedingt wie folgt geändert:
Vom 17. – 28.07.2017 finden die Sprechstunden
am 18.07. von 14.00 – 15.00 Uhr
am 20.07. von 10.00 – 11.00 Uhr
am 25.07. von 10.00 – 13.00 Uhr statt.
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